All the disciplines of Home Science faculty have developed various technologies suitable for women to earn supplementary income and to reduce drudgery.


Agro huller for millets and legumes

To reduce drudgery of millet processing and enable variety of foods and good nutrition for families consuming millets as staple, an agro huller was fabricated. The greatest advantage of this dehuller is that it can dehull both millets and legumes including soyabeans. With dehuller at a focal point viable enterprises to produce commercial foods can be initiated which do not require either complicated equipment or high technology.

Processing of Sorghum

The sorghum food enterprise is viable for economic development of rural women and nutritional improvement of pre school children especially in dry land region. Sorghum enterprises can be run by a single woman with the help of the family or it can be run as a group activity by few women.

Value added products from Mushrooms

Mushroom cultivation is the most potential area for self employment. To increase the marketability a variety of products were developed using fresh and dry mushrooms which had good acceptance from the consumers.

Geriatric foods

While nutrition is considered to be one of the key determinants, the effects of aging on nutritional requirements is also significant. Three types of low cost food supplements with locally available foods were developed for geriatrics namely porridge mix, vermicelli, ready to eat snack i.e. extruded product using cereal & pulse combination by enriching with nutrients like vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin and iron.

Malted Infant Food

Special weaning mixes with high quantity and quality of protein with suitable sensory qualities were developed using malted pearl millet and malted / roasted green gram, bengal gram & black gram.


Protein calorie malnutrition is one of the persistent nutritional disorders in pre school children of low socio-economic group. 'Pushti', a supplementary food with low bulk and high calorie density was developed using simple processing methods & accessible to the low income group.

Cerefica (Infant food)

A fish-cereal based infant food 'Cerefica' was developed for use as weaning food both in a powder and puree form.

Low calorie high fibre maize biscuits

A low calorie biscuit was developed as a special food using maize flour as the basic ingredient which is useful to lose or maintain weight.

High fibre vermicelli

To overcome the problems associated with low intake of fibre in the dict, high fibre vermicelli, an extruded product was developed as speciality food using refined wheat flour with wheat bran and rice bran as fibre sources.

Processed papaya products

Papaya products such as nectar, thandra, cheese, toffee and cereal based powder were developed for children to combat Vitamin A deficiency.

Value added ripe mango powder

Ripe mango powders rich in beta-carotene were developed from Beneshan, Suvarnarekha, Totapuri and their blends which can be incorporated in recipes. These powders not only add natural colour to the recipes but also beta- carotene to the prepared dishes.

Storage of Palmyrah palm fruit

In order to increase the shelf life of palmyrah fruits satisfactory preservation methods were developed.

Value added products with watermelon rind

The rind of watermelon forms approximately 1/3 of the fruit weight and contains carbohydrates, minerals etc.. To propagate the consumption of the watermelon & encourage by product utilization, Value added preserved products like pickle, candy, vadiyams were developed.

Development of Nutriguide Software for therapeutic and common use

A software was developed by analysing data on recipes made with cereals & millets, pulses, nuts and oil seeds, green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, roots and tubers, fruits, fish, prawn, meat, egg, milk and milk products. The recipes were standardized in the lab and analysed. This software is patented by ICAR and is useful for diet counsellers, nutrition teachers, medical practitioners and common man for daily use.


Patch Work

This is one of the distinctive styles of decorating household textile items. It is a commercial handicraft and is based on creative skills. It can also be adopted by apparel fabrics. A variety can be created by cutting different shapes like geometrical floral design, ric rac, border etc. There is much scope for exports with less investment.


The technique of applying wax as a resist material is known to be the traditional art of India. Its uniqueness in design gives wide scope for domestic and export markets. This technique requires minimum equipment and can be taken up at household level for generation of income with little creativeness.

Batik on leather

Applying colours on leather is rather a difficult process and producing variety in leather goods is a challenging task. A variety of coloured designs can be applied on leather using Batik technique. It has wide scope in the niche and export market.

Tie & Dye

The bandhani or Tie & Dye technique of producing coloured prints is an evergreen field for adoption. Highly intricate designs are produced in bright colours and no two designs look alike and are more apt for designer wear. Designer's creative ability is depicted in this technique. The value of the tie & dye remains in the intricacy of design and the number of colours used in it.

Stencil Printing

This is a technique to resist printing in which a design can be applied to the fabric in the most economical and fastest way. It requires minimum skill and can be used when designs are to be produced repeatedly.

Block Printing

Printing textiles is an evergreen technology, which has wide scope for commercialization. Using block printing a variety of designs can be produced to suit the present trend. Printing can be done using a variety of dyes on all types of textile materials.

Savara wall paintings on textiles

The Savara Wall Paintings of Andhra Pradesh is one of the lesser known tribal painting confined to the interior walls of savara hamlets in Srikakulam district. Adaptation of these designs on textile material give scope for producing variety in printed textiles.

Low cost stain guard soap

Very few soaps are available with stain guard features. The soaps with these features are very costly and out of reach of common man. The technology of making this economical, effective stain guard soap is possible at cottage level and is a boon to the consumers.

Production of design wear garments for handicapped

Handicapped people face problems in wearing ordinary clothing as they have some physical defect that hinders the wearing of the garment. The developed technology includes designing with special features keeping in view their requirements for comfort, conveniences in putting on & off, camouflaging the deformities and resistance to abrasion due to special implements used by the wearer for day to day activities.

Protective clothing for agricultural farmers

Pesticides used for controlling pests are toxic to humans. Skin is a route for pesticide entry into human beings. Due to non-availability & high cost of disposals agricultural workers use the conventional work clothes, which do not provide good protection for the skin. Protective aprons with design features to protect hands, face and eyes with comfort features were developed for grape farm workers. Various blend compositions like polyester-cotton and polyester-viscose were used in designing aprons for the pesticides sprayers.

Value addition to agri by products

As an economic alternative to other textiles fibres technology was developed to improve minor agro fibres like ramie, mesta and jute by blending with fibres like polypropylene, acrylic and viscose rayon. The cost of these fabrics was much lower than other furnishing material available.

Development of new vegetable dyes

In recent years, a growing interest in the revival of natural dyes has been manifested as a result of environmental protection. Search for dyes from new sources is an ever growing thrust area. Tested technology relevant in this aspect has brought forth many vegetable dyes. Some of these dyes were found to dye cotton and silk in excellent shades. This field has a wide scope for exports.

Value addition to silk waste

Silk waste is a bye product in the filature process. In view of utilizing the tassar and mulberry silk waste for the production of low cost products, technology was developed to blend silk waste with polyester staple, cotton, viscose rayon and acrylic.

Food Adulteration Kit

To identify the food adulterants in commonly consumed food stuff, a simple home level food testing kit was developed to safeguard the health of the consumers.

Multimedia software on Consumer Education

In order to educate the mass on Consumer education, two CD'S consisting of five modules on the titles, Consumer rights and responsibilities, Consumer protection Legal measures, Consumer protection- Non-legal measures, Consumer guidance and counseling and product testing and evaluation were developed.

Infant Stimulation Kit

A kit with various education materials was developed to stimulate young children and help in overall development of the children.


APAU Model Smokeless Chulha

The traditional chulhas are only 5 -10 % thermally efficient, consume more energy and time leaving an unhealthy polluted work environment due to emission of smoke. T o overcome the above problems the APAU model smokeless chulha was an improved Smokeless Chulah, which has a thermal efficiency of 21.7%. This technology was widely adopted by the rural families.

Janata Fridge

Perishables like vegetables, milk, curd, butter and eggs deteriorate rapidly and lose their nutrients if not stored under proper conditions of temperature. The prevalent practice of storing perishables under low temperature is through high-technology refrigeration units, which not only demand electrical energy, but also are exorbitant to install by the low-income families. To cater to the needs of these families simple, less expensive, non-electrical model like the Janatha fridge is the most suitable device for storing perishable foods.

Hay Basket (ANGRAU)

In rural areas, the major portion of energy supply is effected through non- commercial fuels like fuel wood, cow dung etc., which amounts to almost 90 per cent of energy consumption in the domestic sector. Such a condition of firewood scarcity requires the use of some low cost technology or improvised device for cooking food. One such fuel saving improvised device is the portable hay basket.

Solar Dryer

Open sun drying has been in practice for so long. But this method has many disadvantages viz., the products attract dust while drying, take more time to dry, and are unprotected from insects and birds. To offset these disadvantages and improve the performance efficiency, a simple, technology is developed as an alternative such as an inexpensive solar dryer.

Push Water Trolley

The water fetching activity is a regular manual transport of load carried through a minimum distance of 10 meter each time by the women. The work is done in a cyclic fashion involving eight to ten cycles per day. No suitable technical devices are being used to transport the loads through the distances and the women bear the load mostly on their shoulders, and some times on their waist and head. To relieve the women of this drudgery Push Water Trolleys were designed.

Paddy Row Seeder

Modified Row Seeders is an alternative to the conventional Paddy Transplantation activity, which is being done manually by women. Using a Paddy Row Seeder, the pre-germinated paddy seeds can be directly sown bypassing the nursery growing and transplantation activity. By using of Row Seeders the crop duration can be reduced by fifteen days, farmers can overcome the problems due to delayed rainfall or non-availability in the peak season. In addition the technology improves the body posture and thereby relieve the drudgery and body pains by giving mechanical advantage so that women can improve their production efficiency.


The faculty has patented two equipments. This type of patenting is the first of its kind in the University

Dr (Mrs) Vijaya Khader, Dean of Home science received two patents for her inventions in the areas of Fisheries and Food processing. Fish Vending table developed under NATP project and Ice cream making machine received the patent and the technology was transferred to a progressive woman entrepreneur.

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Low Cost Ice-Cream Freezer Multi Purpose Fresh Fish Vending and Display Table


The faculty has received several University, State National and International awards for their excellent contribution in the major fields of Home Science Teaching, Research and Extension.